From the Amazon basin in the north and west to the Brazilian Highlands in the southeast, Brazil's topography is quite diverse. These churches date back to the early 17th century. Land: The temperatures at sea level in Puerto Aisén average 13.6 °C (56.5 °F) in the summer months and 4.7 °C (40.5 °F) in the winter months. Although they seemingly can appear anywhere, the non-Andean mountains usually form part of transverse and coastal ranges. Chile is situated along the Southwestern coast of South America; It is about the same distance from Egypt to Tanzania in Africa. Climate Affecting Plants and Animals The climate in Cabo de Hornos, Chile consists of fairly cool temperatures throughout the year as well as consistent precipitation throughout the year coming in the form of rainfall. The central part of Chile has a warmer climate that reaches up to 82.4 °F. Andes Mountains. Contrary to the image of monochrome barrenness that most people associate with deserts, the landscape is spectacular, with its crisscrossing hills and mountains of all shapes and sizes, each with a unique hue depending on its mineral composition, its distance from the observer, and the time of day. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. Atlas of the Physical and Political History of Chile (Plates, Volume 2) WDL3980.pdf 900 × 1,141, 136 pages; 10.67 MB. This does not include the Chilean claims to Antarctica, which overlap with Argentinian and British claims. The land Bolivia lost to Chile more than a century ago is now home to some of the biggest copper mines in the world. STUDY. The capital, Santiago, holds about 6 million people in just the one city. Canada: roughly half the size of Quebec This means that the region is especially vulnerable to changes in future climate. The _____ Ocean is west of South America. It is navigable for its entire 2,000-mile trip within Brazil. 756,102 km2 (291,933 sq mi) Since the Andes mountains are located in Chile, the land is rocky and rough. 0.61% 7,801 km (4,847 mi) 1.80% Chile reaches from the middle of South America's west coast straight down to the southern tip of the continent, where it curves slightly eastward. The rivers that descend from the Andes rush over volcanic rocks, forming numerous white-water sections and waterfalls. per month. 97, No. The original inhabitants of the region were Atacameño, an extinct Indian culture, different from the Aymara to the north and the Diaguita to the south.For much of the 19th century, the desert was the object of conflicts among Chile, Bolivia, and Peru because of its mineral resources, particularly sodium nitrate deposits located northeast of Antofagasta and inland from Iquique. severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis. [4] 100% of the urban population has some form of access to sanitation facilities, while 90.9% of rural people have these facilities available. The geography of Argentina describes the geographic features of Argentina, a country located in Southern South America. Pacific. In such areas, roads usually are built halfway up the arid elevations in order to maximize the intensive agricultural use of the irrigated land. Animal products have an export value of $5.89 billion. It extends approximately 2,700 miles (4,300 km) from its boundary with Peru, at latitude 17°30′ S, to the tip of South America at Cape Horn, latitude 56° S, a point only about 400 miles north of Antarctica. [27] This ruling severely impacted fishers in the country. The Physical Geography of the Earthquake. Chile is divided into three general topographic regions: the lofty Andean cordillera on the east; the low coastal mountains of the west; and the fertile central valley between. erocks07. At its deepest point, just north of the port of Antofagasta, it plunges to 8,066 m (26,463 ft). Chile exhibits a variety of climates, as its geographical position is more longitudinal in nature. Winter lasts from June through August with low temperatures up to -2 °C. Sitting on the Pacific Rim at 35 degrees North and 105 degrees East is the People’s Republic of China. The latter two had rich nitrate deposits. Approaching the present time, the effects of the Pleistocene glaciations in the distribution of several communities are discussed. From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 km, and yet it only … This is located the north above Santiago, the Atacama Desert has temperatures of up to 90 °F. More information. Main characteristics of the physical geography of Chile are described, with emphasis on the geologic and climatic changes that affected the biome configuration since the Devonian onwards. However, some rivers do manage to reach the Pacific, including the Loa River, whose U-shaped course across the desert makes it Chile's longest river. Thank you for becoming a member. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. In Concepción, by contrast, the average monthly temperatures are somewhat lower in the summer at 17.6 °C (63.7 °F) but higher in the winter at 9.3 °C (48.7 °F), and the amount of rain is much greater: in the summer, Concepción receives an average of 0.8 inch (20 millimeters) of rain per month; in June and July, the city is pounded by an average of 10 inches (253 mm.) Most of the large cities in Chile began as settlement locations for Spanish colonists living in homes constructed from adobe. The pre-Andean highlands and some of the taller and more massive mountains in the coastal range (principally the Cordillera de Nahuelbuta) still contain large tracts of old-growth forests of remarkable beauty, some of which have been set aside as national parks. Argentina 6,691 km (4,158 mi), Bolivia 942 km (585 mi), Peru 168 km (104 mi), Maritime claims: The summer months average 11.1 °C (52.0 °F), and the winter months average 2.5 °C (36.5 °F). LHS-CAT. Chile is situated in southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean and a small part of the South Atlantic Ocean. These include the Church of Our Lady of Andacollo, the Church of Our Lady at Mount Carmel at Tirana, and the Church of the Immaculate Conception of Lo Vásquez.[17]. Despite these differing ideas about what land belongs to which country, the President of Chile claims that these issues will get resolved. Diego Ramírez Islands and Cape Horn, the southernmost points in the Americas, where the Pacific and Atlantic oceans meet, are Chilean territory. The country exercises sovereignty over a number of islands off the coast, including the … Flashcards. 2017-19 NERC-funded project (£125K) 'Real-time low-cost monitoring for hydro-geomorphological risk reduction in Chile' (NE/R009481/1) together with Dr. Matthew Perks (Newcastle Geography), Dr Alejandro Dussaillant (Universidad de Aysén, Chile) and Dr Claudio Meier (University of Memphis). Water heavy industries are causing groundwater, lake, and river depletion in Chile. Almost sixty of these had erupted in the twentieth century by the early 1990s. The majestically snowcapped Andes and their pre-cordillera elevations provide an ever-present backdrop to much of the scenery, but there are other, albeit less formidable, mountains as well. There was a resistance between Peruvians and Chileans for a few years. The total land size is 756,102 km2 (291,933 sq mi). [19], The Chiloé archipelago is located in southern Chile and is home to the Churches of Chiloé. 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) [14], Gentrification is occurring in the municipal district of Santiago, which is impacting low income residents. In May 2010 Chile became the first South American member of OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). There are also more than three-dozen active volcanoes in Chile with the most active being the Llaima in the north Chilean Andes.[12]. Can you pick the physical features of Chile? The summer months of January and February are the driest, with a monthly average precipitation of 67 mm (2.6 in). Physical Geography. The three most populated cities in Chile are Santiago, Valparaíso, and Concepción. Caribbean. Use of remote imagery to analyse changes in morphology and longitudinal large wood distribution in the blanco river after the 2008 chaitén volcanic eruption, southern chile. The United States offered help with a treaty for both Peru and Chile, better known as the Treaty of Ancón. The book's English translator renders this term as "extravagant." Chile is about twice the size of Montana. Geography of Patagonia. signed, but not ratified: Chile is about twice the size of Montana. 1,603 m3/yr (2007), Natural hazards: other: All Antarctic claims are frozen under the Antarctic treaty. It streches along the pacific ocean from the southern tip of south america to Peru. In 2014, the International Court of Justice's ruling resulted in Chile losing 80 miles from Chile's northwestern ocean zone. [30] Chile currently utilizes 14,015 Hectares of agricultural land. Capital - Santiago The War of the Pacific was fought between Chile, Bolivia, and Peru in the late 1800s. This long piece of land stretches vertically from north to south approximately 4,270 km, yet it is only 177 km, from east to west. Physical Geography; People: Culture and Lifestyle; Further Reading; Sources ; Chile. Their deep Transverse Valleys provide broad areas for cattle raising and, most important, fruit growing, an activity that has developed greatly since the mid-1970s. Atlas de la historia física y política de Chile, tomo 1.pdf 1,423 × 2,033, 186 pages; 79.82 MB. Exports of fresh fruit began to rise dramatically in the mid-1970s because Chilean growers had the advantage of being able to reach markets in the Northern Hemisphere during winter in that part of the world. Area - comparative: Chile is situated in southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean and a small part of the South Atlantic Ocean. The geography of Chile is extremely diverse as the country extends from a latitude of 17° South to Cape Horn at 56° (if Chilean claims on Antarctica are included Chile would extend to the South Pole) and from the ocean on the west to Andes on the east. The remaining Chilean cougars, which are bigger than their California cousins, have been driven to isolated national parks in the south by farmers who continue to hunt them because they occasionally kill sheep and goats. There have been long arguments between Chileans and Peruvians since the 1800s. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (33) Mexico. They have grown to be the densely populated urban conurbations they are known for today. Height : 6863 m (Ojos del Salado) Map of Chile. [36] South of Chile there is a wet climate because of the Mediterranean coastline this leading the wet season to range from May to August. New investments during the 1980s in these industries transformed the rural economy of the region. The area generally is chilly and wet and houses a combination of channels, fjords, snow-capped mountains, and islands of all shapes and sizes within a narrow space. [20], Chile has long been in conflict with Bolivia over coastal and land sovereignty. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... Ch.9 quiz 30 Terms. Chile's allocation percentage is smaller than its neighboring countries Argentina (53.9%) and Bolivia (34.3%), but larger than Peru's (18.8%). The topography of central Chile includes a coastal range of mountains running parallel to the Andes. From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 kilometers, and yet it only averages 177 kilometers east to west. The disagreements began when Argentina maps started to include part of the southern ice-fields. Andes. [5], The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs note the average annual rate of population change from 2015 to 2017 is 1.022. Chile borders three countries; Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru. Whether crazy or extravagant, there is little question that Chile's territorial shape is certainly among the world's most unusual. [22] Morales also has argued that were Chileans to give back Antofagasta, it would have no significant effect on their country. Chile has an area of 292,300 square miles. The southern portion of central Chile contains a mixture of some excellent agricultural lands, many of which were covered originally with old-growth forests. The near north is also subject to droughts. In the far north, the land generally rises vertically from the ocean, sometimes to elevations well over 1,000 m (3,281 ft). 743,812 km2 (287,187 sq mi) Write. [13] Santiago is located in central Chile with the Mapocho River running through the city. Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Geography - note: daebaek. When compared to other countries, Chile’s physical geography is a little odd. In certain areas, this desert does not register any rainfall at all. The court ruled that Chile did not have to discuss granting Bolivia sea access.[24]. The far north (Norte Grande), which extends from the Peruvian border to about 27° south latitude, a line roughly paralleled to the Copiapó River, is extremely arid. More than 90% of Chile's imports enter China duty-free. The populations of these cities are: Santiago at 6,680,000, Valparaíso at 967,000 and Concepción at 857,000. Physical Geography. Chile : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Chile. border countries: It is coastal to the South Pacific Ocean, and a portion of the South Atlantic Ocean. Additionally, the mountainous regions have a tundra-like climate. The winter rains and the melting of the snow that accumulates on the Andes produce rivers whose flow varies with the seasons, but which carry water year-round. As in the far north, the coastal areas of the near north have a distinct microclimate. The region of Patagonia covers a total extension of approximately 800,000 square kilometers (310,000 sq mi), encompassing the southern cone of South America. animals of Chile are valued highly throughout the world; Wild Darwin's Fox - native to Chile, critically endangered; 50% of the world's 87 species of marine mammals (in the family cetacea) have been reported on the Chilean coast Geography. The Virgin Andacollo is the Patron Saint of miners who heals the sick and rescues those lost in the mines. The Andes region is an awesome mountain barrier. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. Temperatures are colder than in the rest of the country. Area - 756,950 sq km or 292,183 sq miles Exclusive economic zone: All kinds of berries grow in the area, some of which are exported, and freshwater farming of various species of trout and salmon has developed, with cultivators taking advantage of the abundant supply of clear running water. Media in category "Geography of Chile" The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. Most of the population lives in the coastal area, where the temperatures are more moderate and the humidity higher. Grapes are the largest fruit export product with an export value of $1.76 billion. Chile has a long coastline with low coastal mountains, a central valley and mountains (Andes) to the east. The vast length of Chile accounts for its various climates. In this lake district of Chile, the valley between the Andes and the coastal range is closer to sea level, and the hundreds of rivers that descend from the Andes form lakes, some quite large, as they reach the lower elevations. [3] This is much higher than the rural average for the world that is at 50.5% access to sanitation facilities. The area's other main economic activity is oil and natural gas extraction from the areas around the Strait of Magellan. From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 km (2,653 mi), and yet it only averages 177 km (110 mi) east to west. Chile's diverse climate and small area is responsible for such a low percentage. World Geo Ch 9 South America 30 Terms. Lying between the two mountain ranges is the so-called Central Valley, which contains some of the richest agricultural land in the country, especially in its northern portion. It is usually divided by geographers into five regions: the far north, the near north, central Chile, the south, and the far south. This latter earthquake occurred on May 22, the day after another major quake measuring 7.25 on the Richter scale, and covered an extensive section of south-central Chile. This led for Chile to control Sea Shipping to Peru and send out an army to invade Peru on October 8, 1879. The natural hazards are attributed to Chile's location along the Ring of Fire. Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. [41] Since 2017, Chile and Brazil have been negotiating a trade deal that's on track to be signed by the end of 2018. Area : 757 000 Km2: Water : 1.1 % Lands under cultivation : 5 % Wild pasture lands : 18 % Forests : 21 % Min. The Central Valley's southernmost portion is submerged in the ocean and forms the Gulf of Ancud. Chile's Current Flag as of 2014. The northern part of the country has a desert-like and arid climate, the central part has a Mediterranean-like climate, while the south has a more oceanic climate. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. Chile . Although many lakes can be found in the Andean and coastal regions of central Chile, the south (Sur de Chile) is definitely the country's most lacustrine area. Its neighboring countries are Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. [18] On the first Sunday of October, the town of Andacollo celebrates their saint with La Fiesta Chico. The border disputes between Chile and Argentina deal with the Patagonia region. Test. The far north is the only part of the country in which there is a large section of the Andean plateau. Chile is situated along the Southwestern coast of South America; It is about the same distance from Egypt to Tanzania in Africa. Their history began when the first Jesuits arrived in Chile. Flora : map of Chile Landscape and climate of Chile. The vegetation, including many ferns in the shady areas, is a lush green. Chile’s geographical location allows the country to experience many different weather patterns and geographical structures. party to: the Land of Chile is seperated into three main regions; the Northern, the central, and the southern. Its physical geography includes the Andes mountain range, volcanoes, beaches, ice fields and even a desert in the northern half. It receives much less precipitation; its annual total is only 438.5 mm (17 in), or a little more than what Valdivia receives in the month of June alone. To the East is Argentina and the Atlantic ocean and to the west is the Pacific ocean. Additionally, the mountainous regions have a tundra-like climate. The water rights for one of the rivers, the Lauca River, remain a source of dispute between Bolivia and Chile. In the far south (Chile Austral), which extends from between 42° south latitude to Cape Horn, the Andes and the South Pacific. The geography of both areas is dominated by the high Andes, which reaches altitudes close to 7000 m in Cuyo. The best known of Chile's Pacific Islands is Easter Island (Isla de Pascua, also known by its Polynesian name of Rapa Nui), with a population of 2,800 people. Some of the water from the plateau trickles down the Andes in the form of narrow rivers, many of which form oases before being lost to evaporation or absorption into the desert sands, salt beds, and aquifers. The national forestry commission administers 32 national parks, 47 national reserves, and 13 natural monuments. [23], In October 2018, the International Court of Justice ruled against Bolivia in its dispute with Chile. Chile Chile is a very different country compared to others. Three major landform regions divide Chile: the Andes Mountains, the coast and islands, and the Central Valley. Floor Area Ratio instigated by the state has resulted in highly dense and smaller living spaces. The attempt was also made to The United States but failed badly on October 1880. Can you pick the physical features of Chile? Note: A fantastic resource for the classroom or home, which is perfect for geographical studies. The summer months average 206.1 mm (8 in), whereas the winter months average 300 mm (12 in). The regions run north to south and parallel to each other. When compared to other countries, Chile’s physical geography is a little odd. per capital: Continental shelf: PLAY. [34], Located on the west coast of South America, Chile has a total area of 756,102 km2. Area: The combination of abundant snow in the Andes and relatively moderate winter temperatures creates excellent conditions for Alpine skiing. Swimming at Chile's popular beaches in the central part of the country, where the water gets no warmer than 15 °C (59 °F) in the summer. [26] This was caused because of the minerals resources Chile had. Valparaíso is located on the coast about 116 km northwest of Santiago. They were cleared for agriculture but were soon exhausted of their organic matter and left to erode. 97.59% (2012), Irrigated land: Although the ocean's surface obscures this fact, most of Chile lies at the edge of a profound precipice. Geography and Climate of Chile Because of its long, narrow profile and position adjacent to the Pacific Ocean and Andes Mountains, Chile has a unique topography and climate. A place like no Other. Chile is a long narrow country which extends like a ribbon down the west coast of South America. In addition to physical geography, what else is a factor in defining countries' political borders? Atlas de la historia física y política de Chile, tomo 1.pdf 1,423 × 2,033, 186 pages; 79.82 MB. Chile's diverse physical geography means that its national treasures are extremely varied. In a classic book on the natural setting and people of Chile, Benjamín Subercaseaux Zañartu, a Chilean writer, describes the country's geography as loca (crazy). 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